Hyperpigmentation VS Hypopigmentation – What Should You Know?

Pigmentation refers to the colouring of a person’s skin. Skin pigmentation disorders cause the change of colour for your skin. Hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation are two common skin conditions that can affect people of all ages, skin types, and ethnicities. Both conditions can cause significant changes in skin tone and texture, leading to visible differences in the affected areas. We at Dr. Paul’s, have the best dermatologists in Kolkata to guide you through the right treatment procedure after assessing your skin conditions and medical history.

Understanding the differences between hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation can help you identify the condition you are experiencing and seek appropriate treatment. In this blog, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments for hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation.


Hyperpigmentation is a condition where the skin produces excess melanin, the pigment that gives skin its colour. The excess melanin can cause dark patches or spots on the skin. The most common causes of hyperpigmentation include:

  • Sun exposure: Prolonged exposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays can trigger the production of excess melanin, leading to the development of dark spots.
  • Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause, or while taking certain medications can also cause hyperpigmentation.
  • Acne scars: Acne can cause dark spots or scars that can persist even after the acne has healed.
  • Inflammation: Skin inflammation caused by eczema, psoriasis, or other skin conditions can also trigger hyperpigmentation.

Symptoms of hyperpigmentation include the development of dark patches or spots on the skin, particularly on the face, hands, and neck. These spots can vary in size, shape, and colour and may be accompanied by dryness, flakiness, or itching. In some cases, hyperpigmentation can also be accompanied by acne or other skin conditions.


Hypopigmentation is a condition where the skin produces less melanin than usual, leading to lighter patches or spots on the skin. Hypopigmentation can be caused by several factors, including:

  • Genetic conditions: Some genetic conditions like albinism or vitiligo can cause hypopigmentation.
  • Skin damage: Trauma, burns, or other injuries to the skin can also cause hypopigmentation.
  • Inflammatory skin conditions: Inflammatory skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis can also cause hypopigmentation.

Symptoms of hypopigmentation include the development of lighter patches or spots on the skin, particularly on the face, hands, and neck. Loss of colour in hair and eyes, increased sensitivity to the sun are also signs of hypopigmentation. Hypopigmentation may occur in a patchy or irregular distribution, rather than in a symmetrical pattern. Scars may be less visible on hypopigmented skin, as they blend in with the surrounding skin.

Treatment of Skin pigmentation:

The treatment of hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation can vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Protecting the skin from sun exposure is important in treating and preventing skin pigmentation. Wearing protective clothing and using sunscreen can help to prevent further damage to the skin. Tropical creams or chemical peels can help but we always suggest consulting a dermatologist before signing up for any treatment. Consult to the best dermatologists in Kolkata at Dr. Paul’s, who can offer non-invasive ways of treating skin pigmentation and make it look healthy and brighter.

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