Various infectious agents and infections can cause your hairs to fall out rapidly. Read on to know what some of these infections do to your hair.
- Scalp Ringworm
Mostly, scalp ringworm spreads from an individual to another by sharing the towels, touching the infected person etc. It generally affects the young children. The infection begins as a small pimple that becomes big over time and creates scaly patches of temporary baldness.
How it causes hair loss?
The fungi penetrate deep into the hair fibers of the affected area. As such, the hair becomes brittle and breaks off easily.
What are the symptoms?
- Slowly expanding bald patches
- Brittle hair
- One or more round patches of scaly skin where the hair has broken off.
- The affected area gets reddened or grayish.
- Tender or painful areas on the scalp.
Piedra: The scientific name of this syndrome is Trichomycosis Nodularis. It happens when fungi affect the hair fibers. It can result in a patchy or diffuse hair loss. The infection can affect people of all generation and gender.
How Piedra causes shedding?
Piedra is a fungal infection of the hair shaft which harms the hair’s natural support structure. This makes the hair brittle and they become prone to breakage. If you left it untreated, you may develop patchy hair loss over time.
What is the visible indicator of this infection?
The visible indicator of a Piedra infection is the formation of hard nodules on the hair fibers. These nodules are actually the tough part of hyphae and the developing bodies of the fungi. The nodules are called ascostroma and the fungal spores come out from these nodules.
- Seborrheic Dermatitis
It is an inflammatory skin condition which causes temporary hair loss.Although it is not an infectious syndrome by itself, yet it may cause infections.This infection leads to scaly or even sometimes oily inflamed skin which can be itchy. Conditions like head injury, stroke or even Parkinson’s disease may be related to Seborrheic Dermatitis.
How Seborrheic Dermatitis lead to hair loss?
When the sebaceous glands of the follicles produce a very rich kind of sebum containing a lot of cholesterol and triglycerides, it leads to Seborrheic Dermatitis. The yeast Malassezia grows in numbers with the intensity of the syndrome. This too-much spreading leads to more inflammation. As the follicles can’t grow properly on inflamed skin, they start to fall out.
Does it cause permanent hair loss?
Seborrheic Dermatitis doesn’t cause permanent hair loss. There are various treatments available for it. You should consult your physician as soon as you get affected with this. The treatment of the syndrome will enable you to restore your lost hair.
- Demodex Folliculorum
Demodex are small worm-like structures that live in follicles and on skin. Mostly, they cause irritation in the eyelashes.
What are the consequences of Demodex?
Patients suffering from the infection may have scaling and itching of eyelids, and eye irritation. They may also have loss of lashes, lid thickening, conjunctival inflammation, and vision problems.
Is Demodex Folliculorum treatable?
The syndrome is definitely treatable. A lot of treatments including applying ointment at the base of the eyelashes, scrubbing the affected area with baby shampoo or mercury oxide ointment, and treating the area with tea tree oil and Macadamia nut oil.
All the infectious diseases mentioned above can be cured through treatment. Once the cause is uprooted, you will regain your hair within a few months.