The general term for hair loss is Alopecia and it covers a variety of conditions. It is important that correct Alopecia type is identified and treated accordingly. Dr. Paul’s have a dedicated team to identifying the right type of hair loss and provides and supports you through what we know is a very distressing and difficult time. Alopecia can be scarring and non-scarring, if it is scarring, the hair follicle will be destroyed totally with no chance of any hair growth in the area affected. The common types of Alopecia which both men and women are usually diagnosed with are:
Alopecia Areata is a common cause and specific hair loss that can occur at any age. It usually causes coin sized, small and round bold patches on the scalp. Any hair bearing part of the body such as eyebrows, beard, eyelashes, and limb can be affected.
Androgenetic Alopecia is most common progressive type of hair loss. It is also known as Male Pattern Baldness, Female Pattern Baldness or just common Baldness. It affects both men and women by the time one is above the age of 50.
Other than androgenic alopecia, complete hair fall can be also speed up or triggered with malnutrition and poor diet, lack of sleep due to lifestyle habits, side effects of certain drugs or due to prolonged treatment and illnesses. Such factors can cause hair follicle damage to speed up hair growth cycle from Anagen to Telogen Phase. This condition is called as Telogen Effluvium, the next common syndrome to hair loss after androgenic alopecia.
Also known as Scarring Alopecia, this condition of hair loss is characterized by total damages of hair follicles and finally replaced by scar tissue.
Traction Alopecia differs from other types of hair loss in which it is caused usually by direct actions of the individual that results in excessive tension on hair and breaks. Hair styles such as tight ponytails and braiding contributes to causes of Traction Alopecia.
The most vital part of treatment is making the right assessment and diagnosis of hair loss. Diagnosis involves blood testing or at times scalp examination to determine if there is any hormonal or deficiency problem. The key to every treatment is establishing if the condition is scarring or not. If it is scarring, the next very step is switching off the process to prevent advancement. Non-scarring alopecia can fully recover with treatment, but may gradually progress over time.