We often start believing to what we see in television and newspaper advertisements which shows a forty year old woman becoming younger with anti ageing creams in just two weeks. These advertisements often show how fountain of youth found in a bottle that can reverse the ageing process by, “helping to boost oxygen micro-circulation to prevent sagging skin.” They can help “the skin to get back its youth by converting resting stem cells.” They can fight with several signs of ageing by “stimulating collagen production. So are these claims hoax or true? Well, dermatologists remain divided and the scientific studies demonstrate that some ingredients in an anti ageing cream can overturn some signs of the ageing process but not all of them. With ageing being a relentless and multi-factorial procedure, it has been found that the anti-ageing creams are effective only to combat with ageing that is caused by the changes in the skin. They are not capable to tackle with the changes in the fatty cells situated beneath the skin or the bones etc.
Dr. Simon Yoo, assistant professor of dermatology at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine is skeptical about the efficacy of the products. He says “Efficacy is very vague in terms of over-the-counter products,” and “Without any oversight, it is difficult to say whether these do anything.”
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has shown cause for concern over the claims made by the retailers of anti-ageing creams as they are usually not permitted to have heir opinion and affirm that the items they sell changes the body’s structural or functional aspects.
While some companies refer to scientific facts that anti-creams can do wonders for the skin by making it youthful but they have failed to back up their evidence with studies or to demonstrate that the products are effective in defying wrinkles, fine lines, age spots and sagging skin.
What does research say?
According to the researches, the efficacy of these creams varies from people to people. For instance, European skin develops lines and wrinkles at a young age whereas Asian skin develops wrinkles and fine lines as they grow older.
Some products may have several side-effects such as skin irritation and rashes whereas in some skins they can be effective. So nothing is conclusive, and a lot depends on the skin of an individual.
Ingredients are important
So, it is still obscure and vague whether these advertisements are just publicity gimmicks. To some extent, these creams are beneficial to combat age. But for that you have to analyse their ingredients at first. Let’s take a look at the main ingredients found in anti-ageing creams.
- Retinol: Retinol is a chief constituent found in these products. Basically, it is a vitamin A and antioxidant compound that counterbalances the free radicals which are believed to be the main culprit behind causing wrinkles.
- Grape seed extract: Enriched with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties, this wonderful ingredient is also found in anti-wrinkle skin care products.
- Hyaluronic acid: This is an active ingredient that fights with several signs of ageing in a person. Most of the anti-ageing creams and serums contain hyaluronic acid.
- Coenzyme Q10: It reduces fine lines in the region of the eyes and shields the skin from the harmful UV solar rays that cause skin tanning.
- Green tea extracts: Green tea extracts are powerful antioxidants found in the anti-ageing creams. Apart from the green tea, black tea also contains antioxidant healing properties.
Other ingredients of the creams include beta hydroxyl acids, peptides, niacinamide, Argireline
To sum up, the market of anti-ageing creams are exploding fast, but before buying them get advice from the dermatologists.