Telogen Effluvium

Telogen Effluvium is a form of alopecia that is seen more in women than in men. This scalp disorder is characterized by the shedding and thinning of hair. Patients should learn all about this syndrome to stay away from the unwanted loss of hair.

What is Telogen Effluvium?
Telogen Effluvium is a non-scarring alopecia which occurs due to the premature entrance of hairs into the telogen or resting phase. Shedding of the resting hairs is known as Telogen Effluvium. Basically, hair follicles don’t produce hairs continuously. After two or more years, they stop producing hairs for a certain time period. This is recognized as the resting period or telogen. After that particular phase, new hairs start to grow aging. Active follicles are referred to be in a phase namely anagen phase. This is needless to say that it is a temporary hair loss process.

What causes Telogen Effluvium?
Generally, emotional or psychological stress and metabolic issues or hormonal imbalances are the main reasons of its occurrence. In addition to that, unhealthy lifestyle, prolonged sickness, medications, major surgeries, weight loss, menopause, physical trauma, thyroid, iron deficiency, eating disorder or crash diet, post pregnancy, accidents, infection, fever are some of the common factors those may trigger TE.

Symptoms:
In this alopecia, the patients may witness more hair loss than the usual. Accumulated hairs can be figured out on the pillows, in the hairbrush and on the floors or in the drains of the bathroom. The hair volume becomes thinner than the normal appearance though sometimes, other people can’t discriminate any changes.

Diagnosis:
Telogen hairs can be recognized by the wispy and small hair bulbs on the end of the hair. These are also known as the club hairs. Doctors, who have great experience in dealing with patients of such disorders, can identify the problem by undergoing the medical history thoroughly. He or she may also select a ‘hair pull test’ if need be. Besides, hair and scalp need to be examined properly to recognize that issue. Sometimes, patients are advised to do blood tests, which can suggest if there is any other internal difficulty or not.

Treatment:
The disease is referred to as the self-correcting one in most of the cases. For example, if stress or emotional hazard is the reason behind it, patients have to maintain that troublesome situation. If this is all about thyroid, then controlling of thyroid will prove to be effective. If the disorder is the outcome of improper diet plan, then nutritious foods would be the only answer. For dietary deficiency, supplements can work.

For short-term problem, which occurs due to accident, fever, drugs, etc.; the most preferred way is to wait until the hair follicles recuperate their own form. However, most of the dermatologists suggest minoxidil, a liquid to stimulate hair. But, it should be kept in mind that this medication will work only if there is no underlying susceptibility. So, patients must check the internal issues properly for evading such kind of alopecia.

This is all about TE or Telogen Effluvium. Professional guidance would always be the best option that one may acquire to get rid of that disorder.


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