Alopecia Areata Universalis is one of the three distinct forms of Alopecia Areata. The rarest form of alopecia can be characterized by some noticeable and understandable factors.
What is Alopecia Areata Universalis?
Alopecia Areata Universalis is a medical condition or disorder that is featured with total loss of body and scalp hair. This autoimmune disease is not only the rarest but also the most severe sort of alopecia. It may even damage and deform the nails. However, various causes are responsible for this disease.
Causes of Alopecia Areata Universalis:
Though the reason behind this disorder is not well understood, it is regarded as the autoimmune disease in which the sufferer’s immune system attacks the hair follicles. The hair follicles remain alive but they never produce hair. The affected persons generally bear a genetic mutation in their chromosomes, which is present from the birth though may not last forever.
Signs and symptoms:
The major features, that may detect the particular disease, are as follows:
- Complete loss of scalp hair or baldness
- Absence of body hair
- Nonexistence of eyebrows and eyelashes too
All these symptoms are essential enough for identifying the problem. The doctors or physicians will start treatment after judging the mentioned factors along with their severity. In some cases, doctors may ask for doing a scalp biopsy to diagnose the condition.
Management or treatment:
As this is the rarest form of alopecia, the options for treatment are limited and there is no accredited therapy, which can provide a positive outcome to the patients. But, in accordance with some sufferers, medications can help in hair growing. Well, tropical immunotherapy and corticosteriods are regarded as the way out for this disorder.
But, corticosteriods can have downsides or detrimental effects and hence, it is undeniably better to consult a doctor beforehand. Besides, regrwon hair may fall out after stopping corticosteriods. So, majority is basically treated with immunotherapy, which can enhance the functionality of the immune system. Diphencyprone (DPCP) is applied tropically with a swab by the patients on the affected zones. It must be done once in a week and for better result, the patients are supposed to continue the treatment with the increasing dosages.
However, all these are the essentialities that must be known by the patients and when, this is a matter of management or treatment, they must take any decision after consulting a concerned doctor at the very beginning. Otherwise, things may go out of the hand.