Alopecia Areata Totalis

Alopecia Totalis is one of the three distinct forms of Alopecia Areata. Worldwide, several persons, irrespective of their genders, have to suffer from this disorder. Well, before footing into any of the treatment procedures, patients must be well-informed about AT.

What is Alopecia Totalis?
Alopecia Totalis, a type of Alopecia Areata, is also considered to be an autoimmune disease. Here, the affected people lose all the hair of the head. Its name clearly indicates the feature, which suggests complete baldness.

Forms:
Basically, the problem appears in two ways.

  • The first one is characterized by the sudden and faster loss of scalp hair
  • In the second case, complete hair loss or baldness occur but in a slow and gradual process

Causes of AT:
Though the underlying factors are unknown, it is regarded as the autoimmune disease. Genetic susceptibility is believed to be responsible for its occurrence. On the other hand, stress or mental pressure can also be regarded as the triggering factors for the same.
Infection or allergy is another probable reason and on the other hand, according to several studies, it may be caused by the release of cytokines (a chemical messenger). It is released by the WBC (White Blood Cells).

Signs and symptoms:
The most significant sign of the painless disorder is the gradual or progressive loss of hair. There are some other symptoms which include:

  • Thinning of the scalp hair
  • Receding hair line
  • Total loss of the scalp hair (total baldness occur approximately after six months of the onset)
  • Sometimes patchy baldness

Diagnosis:
A proper diagnosis can be done by the dermatologist. Medical history and the pattern of hair thinning would be optimal in diagnosing the disorder. Scalp biopsy and various blood tests may be ideal for detecting the problem. Besides, internal disease, responsible for the disorder, can be detected by several blood tests.

Prevention:
Prevention is always better than cure and if the reason behind AT is nothing but stress; people should definitely stay away from mental hassles by leading a peaceful and tension free life.

Treatment:
Several ways out are available for eradicating the problem. These are listed below:

  • Medication: Minoxidil (a liquid that stimulate hair growth) is prescribed by the doctors.
  • Steroid: Steroid creams and gels can also be applied on the scalp. Besides, if required, patients can be treated with steroid injections.
  • Immunotherapy: This is mostly used to treat AT. Anthralin, glucocorticoids injections and oral glucocorticoids are often used in this treatment.
  • Hair Transplantation: This surgical procedure is the incredible process through which a patient can get a head full of hair.
  • Natural remedy: Massaging the scalp with certain essential oils and stepping into a healthy lifestyle would be also ideal for treating AT.

Well, no matter, what’s going to be the way of treatment, every patient must visit a doctor beforehand for evading all sorts of trouble. Only a physician can pave the way for getting effective result as some treatments may create allergic reaction. So, it’s better to consult a specialist first.


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